There are plenty of corporations in the United States that have based their business models on religious principals. Most are Christian principals. Since the inception of the Affordable Care Act, many of these Christian based corporations have decided that they do not have to provide birth control to their female employees under the Affordable Care Act, although, it is a requirement for them to do so.
This debate came to a head in when Hobby Lobby, a Christian based craft store, because they believed that it violated their religious freedom because birth control went against their religious beliefs. The Affordable Care Act did make provisions for religious entities such as churches, religious based hospitals, nonprofit organizations and schools, however, for-profit companies were excluded. It was written that these companies would pay stiff fines for failing to provide birth control for their female employees.
Hobby Lobby and a chain store owned by Mennonites in Pennsylvania fought the provision all the way to the Supreme Court holding on to their claim that the provision violated the corporations religious freedoms. These companies believe that forms of birth control such as the morning after pill and inter-uterine devices were another form of abortion.
The Supreme Court ruled on the case in 2014 with a 5-4 vote in favor of allowing these corporations to have their religious freedom to not provide birth control for their female employees. The justices were severely divided on the issue with Justice’s Sotomayer, Kegan, and Bader-Ginsburg stating in dissenting opinions that they law was much broader than what it seemed on the surface. Bader-Ginsburg stated in her opinion that, “In a decision of startling breadth, the Court holds that commercial enterprises, including corporations, along with partnerships and sole proprietorships, can opt out of any law (saving only tax laws) they judge incompatible with their sincerely held religious beliefs.”
Ginsberg also stated that the government has a duty to provide birth control for women, .
“To recapitulate, the mandated contraception coverage enables women to avoid the health problems unintended pregnancies may visit on them and their children.”
As it stands now, these corporations can legally refuse to provide birth control because of their religious preferences. The Obama Administration, however, still believes that women should be in charge of all of the health care decisions.